alexa Upgrading Transmission Towers Using Diaphragm Bracing System


Journal of Steel Structures & Construction

Author(s): Albermani F, Mahendran M, Kitipornchai S

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Many older transmission towers are designed based on tension-only bracing systems with slender diagonal members. However, the increased demand in power supply and changing global weather patterns mean that these towers require upgrading to carry the resultant heavier loading. The failure of a single tower can rapidly propagate along the line and result in severe damage that costs many millions of dollars. Hence, this research project is aimed at developing efficient upgrading schemes using diaphragm bracings. Tower strength improvement was investigated by adding a series of diaphragm bracing types at mid-height of the slender diagonal members. Analytical studies showed that considerable strength improvements could be achieved using diaphragm bracings. They also showed the effects of different types of bracings, including those of joining the internal nodes of diaphragm members and the location of diaphragms. Experimental studies were undertaken using a tower sub-structure assembly that was strengthened with a variety of diaphragm bracings under two types of loading. The results confirmed the analytical predictions and allow recommendations on the most efficient diaphragm bracing types. This type of upgrading scheme using the most efficient diaphragm bracing type was successfully implemented on an existing 105 m-height TV tower. This paper presents the details of both the analytical and experimental studies and their results.

This article was published in Engineering Structures and referenced in Journal of Steel Structures & Construction

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