alexa Uptake of FITC-chitosan nanoparticles by A549 cells.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

Author(s): Huang M, Ma Z, Khor E, Lim LY

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the extent and mechanism of uptake of fluorescent chitosan nanoparticles by the A549 cells, a human cell line derived from the respiratory epithelium. METHODS: Covalent conjugation with fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate yielded stably labeled chitosan molecules, which were successfully formulated into nanoparticles by ionotropic gelation. Uptake of fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate-chitosan nanoparticles and chitosan molecules by confluent A549 cells was quantified by fluorometry. RESULTS: Cellular uptake of chitosan nanoparticles was concentration and temperature dependent, having Km and Vmax of 3.84 microM and 58.14 microg/mg protein/h, respectively. Uptake of chitosan nanoparticles was up to 1.8-fold higher than that of chitosan molecules alone and was not inhibited by excess unlabeled chitosan molecules. Hyperosmolarity, chlorpromazine and K+ depletion inhibited by 65, 34, and 54\%, respectively, the uptake of chitosan nanoparticles at 37 degrees C, but filipin had no influence on the uptake. Confocal imaging confirmed the internalization of the chitosan nanoparticles by the A549 cells at 37 degrees C. CONCLUSIONS: Formulation of chitosan into nanoparticles significantly improved its uptake by the A549 cells. Internalization of chitosan nanoparticles by the cells seems to occur predominantly by adsorptive endocytosis initiated by nonspecific interactions between nanoparticles and cell membranes, and was in part mediated by clathrin-mediated process.
This article was published in Pharm Res and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords