alexa Uremia-induced disturbances in hepatic carbohydrate metabolism: enhancement by sucrose feeding.
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

Author(s): Laouari D, Jurkovitz C, Burtin M, Bois B, Vassault A,

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Abstract A high-sucrose (S) diet accentuates anorexia and stunts growth in uremic (U) rats, and an oral S load induces a greater hyperfructosemia in U rats than in control (C) rats. Four studies were performed to determine the roles of S feeding and an acute S load on liver carbohydrate (CHO) metabolism in U and C rats (eight to 10 rats per group). We also examined the plasma responses to either water or a S load. Levels of the main metabolites of glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, and glycogenesis were measured under basal conditions (7 hours' postmeal) in U and C rats fed either a cornstarch diet (study I) or S diet (study II) and at 30 and 60 minutes after an intragastric S load (studies III and IV) in s-fed U and C rats. The weight gain, food intake, and plasma creatinine and urea levels of the rats in the four studies were comparable. Weight gain and liver weight (g/100 g body weight) were lower in U than in C rats. In the plasma, baseline levels of lactate were decreased by uremia and S feeding and those of glucose (G) were increased by S feeding. The increases in plasma G and fructose (F) levels after a S load were greater in U rats than in C rats, whereas those of plasma lactate were comparable. In the liver under basal conditions, uremia markedly decreased levels of glycogen, F-1,6-diphosphate (F-1,6-diP), F-2,6-diP, 3-glycero-phosphate (3-glycero-P), dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP), pyruvate, lactate, and adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and the phosphorylation state (ATP/adenosine diphosphate [ADP] x inorganic phosphorus [PI]), increased phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP), ADP, and Pi levels, but did not affect the cytosolic redox state (pyruvate/lactate). In addition to uremia, S feeding further decreased levels of glycogen, F-2,6-diP, 3-glycero-P, and ATP. After S loading, liver F levels increased more in U than in C rats, but glycogen and 3-glycero-P levels increased less in U than in C rats. Liver lactate and pyruvate levels increased more in U than in C rats, and the pyruvate/lactate and DHAP/3-glycero-P ratios were higher in U than in C rats after a S load. The ATP level and the phosphorylation state in U rats increased 30 minutes later in U than in C rats. Our findings indicate that uremia causes a depletion in liver glycogen, which is enhanced by S feeding and could be partially attributed to decreased glycogen synthesis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
This article was published in Metabolism and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

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