alexa Uremic pruritus: roles of parathyroid hormone and substance P.


General Medicine: Open Access

Author(s): Cho YL, Liu HN, Huang TP, Tarng DC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Most patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis have pruritus, but its underlying mechanism remains unknown. Secondary hyperparathyroidism is another common problem in these patients, but its role in uremic pruritus is controversial. Capsaicin can deplete substance P from the peripheral neurons and is known to be effective in the treatment of pain and itching. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate the role of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and substance P in uremic pruritus and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: The study contained two phases. In phase I, we analyzed the correlation between the intensity of itching and serum levels of intact PTH. In phase II, patients with moderate to severe pruritus were placed into two groups: one with high PTH levels and one with low levels. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study of capsaicin 0.025\% cream was conducted in phase II. RESULTS: Serum levels of intact PTH did not correlate with the intensity of pruritus and did not significantly change during treatment with capsaicin or placebo. Capsaicin was significantly more effective in alleviating uremic pruritus than the placebo, and no serious side effects were noted. CONCLUSION: Uremic pruritus is not related to PTH. Substance P may act as a neurotransmitter in uremic pruritus and topical capsaicin can be used in the treatment of localized pruritus.
This article was published in J Am Acad Dermatol and referenced in General Medicine: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version