alexa Uric acid directly promotes human T-cell activation.
Immunology

Immunology

Rheumatology: Current Research

Author(s): Webb R, Jeffries M, Sawalha AH

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Abnormally high serum uric acid levels have been associated with several disease conditions including gout and kidney stone disease. More recently, it was shown that uric acid crystals stimulate dendritic cell maturation, activate the NALP3 inflammasome, and enhance antigen-specific immune responses. We hypothesize that uric acid can also stimulate T cells directly and in the absence of antigen presentation. METHODS: Purified primary human T cells were incubated with and without uric acid at concentrations of 50, 100, 150, and 200 microg/mL. The expression of T-cell activation markers CD25 and CD70 was assessed by flow cytometry. In other experiments, Jurkat T cells were used and the expression of the costimulatory molecule CD70 was determined at the mRNA level. RESULTS: Uric acid directly activates primary human T cells in the absence of antigen presentation. Furthermore, primary human T cells and Jurkat T cells treated with uric acid overexpress the costimulatory molecule CD70, which plays an important role in T cell-B cell interaction and antibody production. CONCLUSIONS: The finding that uric acid directly promotes T-cell activation in an antigen-independent system is novel and might play a mechanistic role in the inflammatory response observed in gouty arthritis and other immune-mediated diseases. This article was published in Am J Med Sci and referenced in Rheumatology: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords