Author(s): Shimosato K
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Abstract The effect of drinking alcoholic beverages on methamphetamine metabolism was investigated in man. The subjects, 97 males and 9 females, were divided into three groups by evaluation of their urinary pH; i.e., acidic, subacidic and neutral groups. The subjects in each group were further divided into ethanol-positive subjects and ethanol-negative subjects, depending on the presence or absence of ethanol in their urine. Gas chromatographic analysis showed the urinary concentrations of methamphetamine in the ethanol-positive subjects to be higher than those in the ethanol-negative subjects in both the acidic and subacidic urinary pH groups. Liquid chromatography, on the other hand, showed the urinary concentrations of p-hydroxymethamphetamine and p-hydroxyamphetamine for the ethanol-positive subjects to be lower than those for the ethanol-negative subjects in all three groups. The relative proportions of p-hydroxylated metabolites to unchanged methamphetamine in urine, therefore, were severely reduced in the ethanol-positive subjects. These results suggest that drinking alcoholic beverages probably results in a suppression of methamphetamine metabolism in man.
This article was published in Pharmacol Biochem Behav
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy