Author(s): Janikowski TB, Velicogna D, Punt M, Daugulis AJ
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Abstract A two-phase partitioning bioreactor (TPPB) utilizing the bacterium Sphingomonas aromaticivorans B0695 was used to degrade four low molecular weight (LMW) polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The TPPB concept is based on the use of a biocompatible, immiscible organic solvent in which high concentrations of recalcitrant substrates are dissolved. These substances partition into the cell-containing aqueous phase at rates determined by the metabolic activity of the cells. Experiments showed that the selected solvent, dodecane, could be successfully used in both solvent extraction experiments (to remove PAHs from soil) and in a TPPB application. Further testing demonstrated that solvent extraction from spiked soil was enhanced when a solvent combination (dodecane and ethanol) was used, and it was shown that the co-solvent did not significantly affect TPPB performance. The TPPB achieved complete biodegradation of naphthalene, phenanthrene, acenaphthene and anthracene at a volumetric consumption rate of 90 mg l(-1) h(-1) in approximately 30 h. Additionally, a total of 20.0 g of LMW PAHs (naphthalene and phenanthrene) were biodegraded at an overall volumetric rate of 98 mg l(-1) h(-1) in less than 75 h. Degradation rates achieved using the TPPB and S. aromaticivorans B0695 are much greater than any others previously reported for an ex situ PAH biodegradation system operating with a single species.
This article was published in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation