Author(s): Denys D, de Geus F, van Megen HJ, Westenberg HG
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Abstract This study aimed to identify symptom dimensions in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in order to reveal distinct clinical phenotypes. Factor analysis of the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) checklist on item level was performed on data from 335 outpatients with primary OCD. The relationship of demographic and clinical characteristics to the resulting factor scores was examined. A principal component analysis identified the following five consistent symptom dimensions: (1) contamination and cleaning, (2) aggressive, sexual and religious obsessions, (3) somatic obsessions and checking, (4) symmetry and counting/arranging compulsions and (5) high-risk assessment and checking. We observed significant differences in sex distribution, age of onset, Y-BOCS scores and familial prevalence of OCD in relation to the symptom dimensions. These findings provide further evidence for distinct clinical phenotypes in OCD.
This article was published in Psychiatry Res
and referenced in Journal of Depression and Anxiety