alexa Use of positive blood cultures for direct identification and susceptibility testing with the vitek 2 system.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Mass Spectrometry & Purification Techniques

Author(s): de Cueto M, Ceballos E, MartinezMartinez L, Perea EJ, Pascual A

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Abstract In order to further decrease the time lapse between initial inoculation of blood culture media and the reporting of results of identification and antimicrobial susceptibility tests for microorganisms causing bacteremia, we performed a prospective study in which specially processed fluid from positive blood culture bottles from Bactec 9240 (Becton Dickinson, Cockeysville, Md.) containing aerobic media were directly inoculated into Vitek 2 system cards (bio-Mérieux, France). Organism identification and susceptibility results were compared with those obtained from cards inoculated with a standardized bacterial suspension obtained following subculture to agar; 100 consecutive positive monomicrobic blood cultures, consisting of 50 gram-negative rods and 50 gram-positive cocci, were included in the study. For gram-negative organisms, 31 of the 50 (62\%) showed complete agreement with the standard method for species identification, while none of the 50 gram-positive cocci were correctly identified by the direct method. For gram-negative rods, there were 50\% categorical agreements between the direct and standard methods for all drugs tested. The very major error rate was 2.4\%, and the major error rate was 0.6\%. The overall error rate for gram-negatives was 6.6\%. Complete agreement in clinical categories of all antimicrobial agents evaluated was obtained for 19 of 50 (38\%) gram-positive cocci evaluated; the overall error rate was 8.4\%, with 2.8\% minor errors, 2.4\% major errors, and 3.2\% very major errors. These findings suggest that the Vitek 2 cards inoculated directly from positive Bactec 9240 bottles do not provide acceptable bacterial identification or susceptibility testing in comparison with corresponding cards tested by a standard method.
This article was published in J Clin Microbiol and referenced in Mass Spectrometry & Purification Techniques

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