Author(s): Kim EY, Kwack KS, Cho JH, Lee DH, Yoon SH
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to show the usefulness of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) and to determine the optimal time window in MRI for differentiating between septic arthritis and transient synovitis in painful hip joints. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients who underwent DCE-MRI were enrolled, and the final diagnoses were septic arthritis (n = 7) and transient synovitis (n = 11). The enhancement patterns of DCE-MRI were dichotomized according to the shape of the time-signal intensity curves. The time at the maximal difference in the signal intensity between two time-signal intensity curves of both femoral heads was recorded. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy were calculated. Receiver operating characteristic curves were calculated. RESULTS: Six of seven patients with septic arthritis in the hip joint had decreased enhancement during the early phase of DCE-MRI. The enhancement difference between the two patient groups was statistically significant (p = 0.0498). The time at the maximal difference in the signal intensity between two time-signal intensity curves of both femoral heads was approximately 3.5 minutes. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for predicting septic arthritis was 0.792. CONCLUSION: DCE-MRI is useful in differentiating between septic hip arthritis and transient synovitis. If static contrast-enhanced coronal MRI is used, the optimal time for the acquisition of contrast-enhanced coronal MRI is approximately 3.5 minutes.
This article was published in AJR Am J Roentgenol
and referenced in Emergency Medicine: Open Access