alexa Usefulness of postexercise ankle-brachial index to predict all-cause mortality
Cardiology

Cardiology

Angiology: Open Access

Author(s): Sheikh MA

Abstract Share this page

Peripheral arterial disease predicts future cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. Conventional methods of assessment might underestimate its true prevalence. We sought to determine whether a postexercise ankle-brachial index (ABI), not only improved peripheral arterial disease detection, but also independently predicted death. This was an observational study of consecutive patients referred for ABI measurement before and after the fixed-grade treadmill or symptom-limited exercise component to a noninvasive vascular laboratory from January 1990 to December 2000. The subjects were classified into 2 groups. Group 1 included patients with an ABI of ≥0.85 before and after exercise, and group 2 included patients with a normal ABI at rest but <0.85 after exercise. A total of 6,292 patients underwent ABI measurements with exercise during the study period. Propensity score matching of the groups was performed to minimize observational bias. Overall mortality, as determined using the United States Social Security death index, was the end point. The 10-year mortality rate of groups 1 and 2 was 32.7% and 41.2%, respectively. An abnormal postexercise ABI result independently predicted mortality (hazard ratio 1.3, 95% confidence interval 1.07 to 1.58, p = 0.008). Additional independent predictors of mortality were age, male gender, diabetes, and hypertension. After the exclusion of patients with a history of cardiovascular events, the predictive value of an abnormal postexercise ABI remained statistically significant (hazard ratio 1.67, 95% confidence interval 1.29 to 2.17, p <0.0001). In conclusion, our results have shown that the postexercise ABI is a powerful independent predictor of all-cause mortality and provides additional risk stratification beyond the ABI at rest.

This article was published in Am J Cardiol and referenced in Angiology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • International Conference on Angiology
    Oct 16-17, 2017, Budapest, Hungary
  • 21st International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
    October 16-18, 2017 Chicago, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords