alexa Using proteomics in perinatal and neonatal sepsis: hopes and challenges for the future.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Author(s): Buhimschi CS, Bhandari V, Han YW, Dulay AT, Baumbusch MA,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Particularities of the fetal immune response to infection cause a heightened inflammatory state that acts synergistically with microbial insult to induce damage. Proteomics offers the opportunity for detecting fetuses at risk of sepsis and neurological injury. RECENT FINDINGS: Molecular tools (16S-rRNA) demonstrate that the diversity of microbial agents of intra-amniotic infection exceeds what is suspected clinically or is documented by cultures. The resulting inflammatory process has the potential to damage the fetus in utero. Stepwise algorithms (mass restricted score) have been developed to extract proteomic profiles characteristic of amniotic fluid inflammation. The mass restricted score includes four proteomic biomarkers: defensin-2, defensin-1, S100A12, and S100A8 proteins. Other amniotic fluid biomarkers relevant for preterm birth are S100A9 and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 1. S100A12 - ligand for the receptor of advanced glycation end products - has the strongest association with histological chorioamnionitis and funisitis. Presence of S100A12 and S100A8 in amniotic fluid is predictive of early-onset neonatal sepsis and poor neurodevelopmental outcome. SUMMARY: Presence of amniotic fluid proteomic biomarkers of inflammation is associated with increased inflammatory status of the fetus at birth. Future challenges are to find biomarkers that provide insight into molecular mechanisms of chronic fetal and neonatal cellular damage and to identify candidates for early neuroprotection strategies.
This article was published in Curr Opin Infect Dis and referenced in Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 9th International Conference and Expo on Molecular & Cancer Biomarkers
    August 23-24, 2017 Birmingham, UK
  • 2nd International Conference on Medical Imaging and Diagnosis
    London, UK
  • 22nd International Conference on Cancer Drugs and Therapeutics
    Paris, France
  • International Conference on Oncology Nursing and Cancer Care
    Singapore City, Singapore
  • World Summit on Cell Signalling and Cancer Therapy
    Toronto, Canada
  • International Conference on Radiology and Imaging
    New York, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version