Author(s): Lippman SA, Warner M, Samuels S, Olive D, Vercellini P,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between dyspareunia, dysmenorrhea, and noncyclic pelvic pain and the presence and characteristics of uterine fibroids. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Desio, Italy. PATIENT(S): Six hundred thirty-five non-care-seeking participants of the Seveso Women's Health Study with an intact uterus who underwent transvaginal ultrasound. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Ultrasound-detected presence of uterine fibroids and fibroid characteristics including volume, number, location, and position. Current dyspareunia, dysmenorrhea, and noncyclic pelvic pain was measured by self-report on a visual analog scale. RESULT(S): Uterine fibroids were detected in 96 women (15\%). Women with fibroids were more likely to report moderate or severe dyspareunia (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 2.8, 95\% confidence interval [CI] = 0.9-8.3, statistically significant trend) and moderate or severe noncyclic pelvic pain (adjusted OR = 2.6, 95\% CI = 0.9-7.6, statistically significant trend) than women without fibroids. Moderate or severe dysmenorrhea was not associated with the presence of fibroids (adjusted OR = 1.1, 95\% CI = 0.5-2.6). Number and total volume of fibroids were not related to pain. CONCLUSION(S): This is the first population-based study of gynecologic pain symptoms and fibroids. Dyspareunia and noncyclic pelvic pain, but not dysmenorrhea, increased in severity with the presence of uterine fibroids. Fibroid-associated pain symptomatology in a non-care-seeking population may be different from that of a clinic population.
This article was published in Fertil Steril
and referenced in Gynecology & Obstetrics