alexa Utilization of periodic markings in enamel to obtain information on tooth growth.
Clinical Research

Clinical Research

Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Author(s): Shellis RP

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Enamel retains two fundamental periodic markings: the prism cross-striations, marking a diurnal rhythm of prism elongation, and the striae of Retzius, a longer-term marker of formation of the enamel surface. It is argued that, while artefacts superficially resembling prism cross-striations can be observed, these should not mislead an experienced histologist and that true cross-striations are reliable markers of the daily incremental apposition of enamel. The incremental markings can be used to elucidate several aspects of tooth crown growth. (1) Rate of enamel apposition. In some teeth, e. g., hominoid permanent teeth, the enamel apposition rate increases progressively between the inner and outer enamel, while in others the apposition rate appears to be uniform. (2) Crown formation time. This can be estimated on intact teeth, using counts of perikymata (surface traces of the striae), together with information on the time interval between successive striae. Much better estimates can be obtained from sections, using counts of cross-striations. (3) Pattern of crown formation. The rate at which new enamel formation extends over the presumptive enamel-dentine junction (extension rate) can be estimated from knowledge of the cross-striation interval together with angular measurements of prisms and striae. Multiple measurements of the extension rate within a tooth can be used to provide an estimate of crown formation time. The main application of extension rate measurements is to give quantitative information on the pattern of crown formation. In large primate teeth, the extension rate is high early in crown formation and slower later in crown formation. In smaller, more rapidly-formed teeth, a gradient in extension rate appears to be absent. Enamel thickness is negatively correlated with extension rate among primates. This seems to be a mechanism ensuring that there is sufficient time for enamel maturation to be completed before eruption takes place. Among primates it appears that variation in the prism pattern (i.e., the extent to which the outline of the pattern 3 prisms is closed or open) is correlated with the extension rate. It is postulated that the extension rate controls prism shape by influencing the morphology of the Tomes process pits during their initial formation. Copyright 1998 Academic Press. This article was published in J Hum Evol and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords