Author(s): Mulero I, Sepulcre MP, Fuentes I, GarcaAlczar A, Meseguer J,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Fish eggs are released and embryos hatch into a pathogenically hostile environment, at a time when their immunological capacity is severely limited. Although the eggs are initially protected by the envelope as well as by several innate and adaptive immune substances, which are transferred to eggs during fish vitellogenesis, it seems that young specimens depend fundamentally on their innate defence mechanisms. Here we show in the gilthead seabream, an immunologically tractable teleost fish model, that the first lymphocyte marker genes, those coding for the two subunits for the recombination activating gene, were detected by RT-PCR around 21-27 days post-hatching (dph). In addition, the transcripts coding for the alpha and beta subunits of the T-cell receptor and the light and heavy chains of immunoglobulin M were detected at 27-48 dph. However, most innate immune genes analyzed were already expressed at hatching, including those coding for the toll-like receptors, pro- and anti-inflammatory molecules, antiviral and antibacterial factors, and phagocyte markers. Using the information from the gene expression study, we also examined the achievement of immunocompetence by analyzing the protection induced by a bacterin against the pathogenic bacterium Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida. The results show that vaccination of young larvae of this species by either immersion or oral routes resulted in increased susceptibility to infection of the specimens, and point to the lack of correlation between the achievement of immunocompetence and detection of the adaptive immunity markers.
This article was published in Mol Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development