Author(s): Plant KP, LaPatra SE, Cain KD
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Abstract Flavobacterium psychrophilum heat shock proteins (Hsp) 60 and 70 are highly immunogenic and were therefore investigated as potential vaccine candidates. Recombinant Hsps were purified from Escherichia coli and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were intraperitoneally injected with phosphate buffered saline/Freunds complete adjuvant (FCA), 8 microg of rHsp60/FCA, rHsp70/FCA or a combination of 4 microg each of rHsp60 and rHsp70/FCA. Antibody responses against recombinant Hsp60 and Hsp70 8 weeks post-immunization were observed, but only fish immunized with rHsp70 exhibited highly elevated antibody levels against F. psychrophilum whole cell lysate. Some cross reactivity occurred, which may have been due to the V5 tag common to both proteins. Protection against F. psychrophilum challenge was not observed in any treatments at 8 weeks post-immunization. To further investigate any protective effect of these proteins, hsps were polymerase chain reaction amplified and cloned into pVAX1. Rainbow trout were intramuscularly injected with 8 microg of pVAX1hsp60, pVAX1hsp70 or a combination of 4 microg each of pVAX1hsp60 and pVAX1hsp70. Antibody responses at 4 weeks post-immunization were low and protection was not observed following challenge at 6 or 10 weeks post-immunization. Although Hsps of F. psychrophilum have been shown to be immunodominant, these antigens do not appear to be good vaccine candidates when delivered alone or in combination.
This article was published in J Fish Dis
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development