alexa Vaccination routes that fail to elicit protective immunity against Schistosoma mansoni induce the production of TGF-beta, which down-regulates macrophage antiparasitic activity.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Author(s): Williams ME, Caspar P, Oswald I, Sharma HK, Pankewycz O,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract C57BL/6 mice immunized intradermally (i.d.) with bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) plus killed skin-stage schistosomula are protected against subsequent infection with Schistosoma mansoni, whereas immunization by i.v. or i.m. routes is not protective. Moreover, previous immunization via the nonprotective i.v. route interfered with the ability to subsequently induce protection by i.d. vaccination, suggesting that inhibitory responses are invoked. Given the evidence that activated macrophages (M phi) play a role as effector cells in protection against schistosomiasis, we investigated the ability of spleen cells from protected and nonprotected immunized mice to produce M phi activating and deactivating cytokines. Exposure to supernatant fluids (SNs) from Ag stimulated spleen cells of i.d., but not i.v. or i.m., immunized mice activated inflammatory M phi for in vitro killing of schistosome larvae, through a mechanism dependent on both IFN gamma and TNF-alpha. No evidence was observed for the preferential induction of the M phi activating Th1 cytokines IFN-gamma and IL-2 in i.d. immunized mice, nor did spleen cells from nonprotected animals produce higher levels of the Th2 associated cytokines IL-4 and IL-10, which are known to prevent M phi activation. TGF-beta was, however, detected in SNs from unprotected mice. Moreover, the M phi inhibitory activity detected in these SNs was heat stable and neutralized by anti-TGF-beta Abs, suggesting that production of TGF-beta is at least partially responsible for the failure of i.m. and i.v. immunized mice to develop immunity to S. mansoni. Thus, the induction of down-regulatory cytokines may be an important factor limiting the efficacy of certain vaccination protocols.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords