Author(s): GarcaBentez CQ, LpezRioja Mde J, MonzalboNez DE, GarcaBentez CQ, LpezRioja Mde J, MonzalboNez DE
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the beginning and evolution of labor variables such as demographic characteristics, obstetric and perinatal outcomes of patients with vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational, retrospective and retro elective trial purposes of comparative analysis, were divided into groups by the onset of labor; spontaneously versus induction and by the labor evolution; spontaneously versus conduction. Being analyzing by Student's T and Fisher test. RESULTS: According the ACOG criteria. 136 patients with prior cesarean section were eligible to labor. The indications of previous cesarean have a trend of a non-recurring etiology, being the elective cesarean section the most common. Regarding the onset, 78\% was spontaneous and 22\% had an induction. Comparing the demographic characteristics it stands a greater number of deliveries, history of vaginal delivery, a higher Bishop score, fetal weight estimated lower and higher intergenesic period. As a perinatal prognosis, the study has shown be safe with a positive outcome. Conclusions:Vaginal birth after cesarean is safe, that should be offered to all women with a low transverse incision, with an intergenesic period greater than 18 months, whit a singleton pregnancy, in a cephalic presentation, with an appropriate fetal weight, and without obstetric contraindications of vaginal delivery.
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This article was published in Ginecol Obstet Mex
and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research