Author(s): Benedict RH, Fishman I, McClellan MM, Bakshi R, WeinstockGuttman B
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: The Beck Depression Inventory-Fast Screen (BDI-FS) is a brief self-report inventory designed to evaluate depression in patients with medical illness. As depressive disorder is especially prominent in multiple sclerosis (MS), a cost-effective procedure for identifying depressive disorder in MS is sorely needed. The BDI-FS may be useful in this regard although, to date, its validity in MS patients has not been assessed. METHODS: Fifty-four consecutive MS patients were studied. All underwent psychological assessment, which included the BDI-FS and other self-report measures of depression. Forty-eight caregiver/informants were interviewed using the Neuorpsychiatric Inventory (NPI). Retrospective chart reviews were conducted by a single trained research assistant, blind to the results of psychological testing and interviews, to determine if antidepressant medications had been prescribed. RESULTS: The BDI-FS was significantly correlated with other self-report measures of depression (P < 0.001) and with informant reported dysphoria (P < 0.01), In addition, BDI-FS scores discriminated MS patients undergoing treatment for depressive disorder from untreated MS patients (P = 0.01). CONCLUSION: These data support the concurrent and discriminative validity of the BDI-FS in MS. As the test is brief and not confounded with neurological symptoms, it is recommended for depression screening in this population.
This article was published in Mult Scler
and referenced in Journal of Multiple Sclerosis