alexa Validity of the Fagerström test for nicotine dependence and of the Heaviness of Smoking Index among relatively light smokers.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Etter JF, Duc TV, Perneger TV

Abstract Share this page

Abstract AIMS: To assess the validity of the Fagerström test for nicotine dependence (FTND, six items) and of a short-form of this questionnaire, the Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI, two items), in a population of relatively light smokers. DESIGN: Comparison of item content with published definitions of addiction. Test-retest reliability and multiple tests of construct validity, based on a secondary analysis of a cohort study conducted between November 1995 and June 1996. SETTING: University of Geneva, Switzerland. PARTICIPANTS: Students (82\%), academic (12\%) and administrative staff (6\%): 643 smokers at baseline and 482 smokers at follow-up. MEASUREMENTS: French-language versions of the FTND and HSI, smoking status, saliva cotinine level, self-efficacy for quitting smoking and other variables related to addiction with cigarettes. FINDINGS: A literature review showed that both composite scales fail to assess several recognised aspects of tobacco dependence. In this population of relatively light smokers (average: 12 cigarettes per day), both tests had important floor effects with, respectively, 55\% and 63\% of participants with scores equal to 0 or 1 on these scales. In addition, two of the FTND items (Difficult-to-refrain and Hate-most-to-give-up) had poor psychometric properties. Even though FTND and HSI correlated about as expected with criterion variables, the number of cigarettes smoked per day performed better than either composite scale on most validation criteria. CONCLUSION: In a population of relatively light smokers, FTND and HSI seem to measure little more than the number of cigarettes per day. Designing a new and more broadly applicable test of addiction to cigarettes is a research priority.
This article was published in Addiction and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords