Author(s): Cass AS, Luxenberg M
The use of ultrasound for evaluation of blunt testicular injury with hematocele allows contusion to be differentiated from rupture, and some authors advocate reserving surgical management for rupture. Our experience with the conservative management of 20 men with testicular contusion and hematocele was not encouraging. Of the patients 8 (40 per cent) required delayed exploration that involved orchiectomy in 3 (15 per cent) because of unresorbed hematoma or infection despite antibiotic use. In contrast, early surgical exploration in 19 patients reduced the morbidity and duration of disability, and resulted in an orchiectomy rate of 0.