Author(s): Graziani AL, Lawson LA, Gibson GA, Steinberg MA, MacGregor RR
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Abstract Concentrations of vancomycin in bones of 14 patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (group 1) and 5 patients with osteomyelitis (group 2) were studied. Group 1 received vancomycin, 15 mg/kg intravenously, 1 h prior to anesthesia. Group 2 received doses adjusted to achieve peak levels in serum of 20 to 30 micrograms/ml and trough levels of less than 12 micrograms/ml; bone specimens were collected during surgical debridement. The specimens were pulverized and eluted into phosphate buffer, and the supernatants were analyzed for vancomycin content by fluorescence polarization immunoassay. In group 1, vancomycin was detectable in all cancellous specimens with a mean concentration of 2.3 +/- 4.0 micrograms/g (range, 0.5 to 16 micrograms/g); 10 of 14 cortical specimens had detectable vancomycin; the mean cortical concentration was 1.1 +/- 0.8 micrograms/g (range, not detectable to 2.6 micrograms/g). In group 2, vancomycin was detectable in only two of five cortical bone specimens (mean concentration, 5.9 +/- 3.5 micrograms/g). Cancellous bone was obtained in one patient; the vancomycin concentration was 3.6 micrograms/g. In most patients the vancomycin levels in bones were higher than the MIC for susceptible staphylococci following single prophylactic doses. In the few infected patients studied, penetration was variable and deserves further study.
This article was published in Antimicrob Agents Chemother
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques