alexa Variation in the FADS1 2 gene cluster alters plasma n-6 PUFA and is weakly associated with hsCRP levels in healthy young adults.
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Biology and Medicine

Author(s): Roke K, Ralston JC, Abdelmagid S, Nielsen DE, Badawi A,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Past research has reported that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in fatty acid desaturase 1 and 2 (FADS1/2) can influence plasma fatty acid (FA) profiles. Changes in FA profiles are known to influence inflammatory processes; therefore both FA and SNPs in FADS1/2 may affect inflammation. The goals of this study were to (i) examine the relationships between individual n-6 FA and estimates of FA desaturation with circulating high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels, and (ii) determine whether SNPs in FADS1/2 are associated with changes in hsCRP. METHODS: FA and hsCRP were measured in fasted plasma samples from 878 healthy young adults (20-29yrs). Circulating levels of plasma linoleic (LA), γ-linolenic (GLA), dihomo-γ-linolenic (DGLA) and arachidonic (AA) acids were measured by gas chromatography and used to calculate desaturase indices for FADS1/2. Nineteen SNPs in FADS1/2 were genotyped in all subjects and six (rs174579, rs174593, rs174626, rs526126, rs968567 and rs17831757) were further analyzed. RESULTS: Significant inverse associations were found between LA and hsCRP (p=8.55×10(-9)) and the FADS1 desaturase index and hsCRP (p=4.41×10(-6)). A significant positive association was found between DGLA and hsCRP (p=9.10×10(-11)). Several SNPs were associated with circulating levels of individual FA and desaturase indices, with minor allele carriers having lower AA levels and reduced desaturase indices. A single SNP in FADS2 (rs526126) was weakly associated with hsCRP (p=0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the relationships between FA and hsCRP, and confirms that FA are strongly influenced by SNPs in FADS1/2. Furthermore, we found weak evidence that SNPs in FADS1/2 may influence hsCRP levels in young adults. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids and referenced in Biology and Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords