alexa Varying appearances of cholangiocarcinoma: radiologic-pathologic correlation


Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Author(s): Chung YE, Kim MJ, Park YN, Choi JY, Pyo JY

Abstract Share this page

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is the second most common primary hepatic tumor. Various risk factors have been reported for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and the radiologic and pathologic findings of this disease entity may differ depending on the underlying risk factors. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma can be classified into three types on the basis of gross morphologic features: mass-forming (the most common), periductal infiltrating, and intraductal growth. At computed tomography (CT), mass-forming intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma usually appears as a homogeneous low-attenuation mass with irregular peripheral enhancement and can be accompanied by capsular retraction, satellite nodules, and peripheral intrahepatic duct dilatation. Periductal infiltrating cholangiocarcinoma is characterized by growth along the dilated or narrowed bile duct without mass formation. At CT and magnetic resonance imaging, diffuse periductal thickening and increased enhancement can be seen with a dilated or irregularly narrowed intrahepatic duct. Intraductal cholangiocarcinoma may manifest with various imaging patterns, including diffuse and marked ductectasia either with or without a grossly visible papillary mass, an intraductal polypoid mass within localized ductal dilatation, intraductal castlike lesions within a mildly dilated duct, and a focal stricture-like lesion with mild proximal ductal dilatation. Awareness of the underlying risk factors and morphologic characteristics of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is important for accurate diagnosis and for differentiation from other hepatic tumorous and nontumorous lesions.

This article was published in Radiographics and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version