alexa Vascular calcification and cardiovascular function in chronic kidney disease.
Nephrology

Nephrology

Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics

Author(s): Sigrist M, Bungay P, Taal MW, McIntyre CW

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Vascular calcification and arterial stiffening are independent predictors of all causes and cardiovascular mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Few data are currently available comparing vascular calcification and its attendant functional cardiovascular consequences between CKD stage 4 patients and both peritoneal dialysis (PD) and haemodialysis (HD) (CKD stage 5) patients. METHOD: We studied 134 subjects (60 HD, 28 PD and 46 CKD 4). Vascular calcification was quantified using multi-slice spiral CT scanning of a 5 cm standardized segment of superficial femoral artery. Pulse wave analysis and pulse wave velocity were assessed using applanation tonometry, to determine arterial compliance. Further digital arterial pulse wave analysis was used to measure systemic haemodynamic variables. All medications were recorded and biochemical variables were time averaged for the 6 months prior to entering the study. RESULTS: Forty-seven percent of CKD 4 patients demonstrated vascular calcification as compared with CKD 5 (71\% PD and 73\% HD, P = 0.02). HD patients had higher calcification scores (median 121) than either PD (median 21) or CKD 4 (median 0) (P = 0.008). There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics between the groups. Comparing tertiles of patients (based on calcification score), increased calcification score was associated with a reduction in arterial compliance (mean PWV 8.9 +/- 1.1, 11 +/- 3.6, 11.3 +/- 3.7 m/s, P = 0.005). The degree of calcification did not influence systolic blood pressure (BP), diastolic BP or heart rate. However, more heavily calcified patients demonstrated significantly higher mean pulse pressures (58 +/- 19, 74 +/- 22 and 72 +/- 25 mmHg, P = 0.001), lower total peripheral resistance (1.5 +/- 1, 1.3 +/- 0.8, 0.9 +/- 0.4, P = 0.01) and higher stroke volume (84 +/- 25, 95 +/- 29, 106 +/- 39 ml, P = 0.01). More heavily calcified patients were significantly older and predominantly male. CONCLUSION: This study has successfully utilized a novel technique for the quantification of calcification. We have demonstrated vascular calcification and associated cardiovascular dysfunction in CKD 4, PD and HD with significant differences between the groups. Thirty percent of individuals show no calcification, even those established on renal replacement therapy for a prolonged period of time. Further work is required to identify factors which promote progression of arterial calcification in those who are susceptible. This article was published in Nephrol Dial Transplant and referenced in Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 13th World Nephrology Conference
    October 18-19, 2017 Dubai,UAE
  • 16th International Conference on Nephrology
    NOVEMBER 02-03, 2017 Atlanta, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords