Author(s): Abid MR, Tsai JC, Spokes KC, Deshpande SS, Irani K
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent vascular endothelial cell-specific mitogen that modulates endothelial cell function. In the present study, we show that VEGF induces manganese-superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) mRNA and protein in human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC) and pulmonary artery endothelial cells. VEGF-mediated induction of MnSOD mRNA was inhibited by pretreatment with the NADPH oxidase inhibitors, diphenyleneiodonium (DPI), and 4-(2-aminoethyl)-benzenesulfonyl fluoride, but not with the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor L-NAME (N-monomethyl-L-arginine) or the xanthine oxidase inhibitor allopurinol. VEGF stimulation of MnSOD was also inhibited by adenoviral-mediated overexpression of catalase Cu, Zn-SOD and a dominant-negative form of the small GTPase component of NADPH oxidase Rac1 (Rac1N17). Treatment of HCAEC with VEGF resulted in a transient increase in ROS production at 20 min, as measured by 2,7-dichlorodihydrofluorescein oxidation. This effect was abrogated by expression of Rac1N17. Taken together, these findings suggest that VEGF induces MnSOD by an NADPH oxidase-dependent mechanism and that VEGF signaling in the endothelium is coupled to the redox state of the cell.