alexa Vascular ischaemia and reperfusion injury.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Author(s): Eltzschig HK, Collard CD

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Although restoration of blood flow to an ischaemic organ is essential to prevent irreversible tissue injury, reperfusion per se may result in a local and systemic inflammatory response that may augment tissue injury in excess of that produced by ischaemia alone. Cellular damage after reperfusion of previously viable ischaemic tissues is defined as ischaemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury. I-R injury is characterized by oxidant production, complement activation, leucocyte-endothelial cell adhesion, platelet-leucocyte aggregation, increased microvascular permeability and decreased endothelium-dependent relaxation. In its severest form, I-R injury can lead to multiorgan dysfunction or death. Although our understanding of the pathophysiology of I-R injury has advanced significantly in the last decade, such experimentally derived concepts have yet to be fully integrated into clinical practice. Treatment of I-R injury is also confounded by the fact that inhibition of I-R-associated inflammation might disrupt protective physiological responses or result in immunosuppression. Thus, while timely reperfusion of the ischaemic area at risk remains the cornerstone of clinical practice, therapeutic strategies such as ischaemic preconditioning, controlled reperfusion, and anti-oxidant, complement or neutrophil therapy may significantly prevent or limit I-R-induced injury in humans. This article was published in Br Med Bull and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords