Author(s): Sluijter JP, de Kleijn DP, Pasterkamp G
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Abstract Physiological and pathological tissue remodeling needs an orderly degradation of the extracellular matrix. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are proteases capable of degrading different extracellular matrix components, including collagen and elastin. MMP expression is strongly enhanced in vascular pathologies such as stenosis following balloon dilation, in-stent restenosis, sustained flow changes, aneurysm formation, and atherosclerosis. Experimental studies have revealed that some biological actions of MMPs aggravate a pathological condition, whereas others may be beneficial for the patient suffering from atherosclerotic disease. Therefore, a better understanding of the biological consequence and regulation of MMP activity is critical for the design and potential application of specific MMP inhibitors in vascular disease. In this review, we will give an overview of preclinical experimental studies using MMP inhibitors with the objective to influence vascular occlusive diseases, and we will also highlight new targets that influence MMP expression and activity and that possess potential for therapeutic interventions.
This article was published in Cardiovasc Res
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy