alexa Vasoactive amines and eicosanoids interactively regulate both polymorphonuclear leukocyte diapedesis and albumin permeability in vitro.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Author(s): Doukas J, Hechtman HB, Shepro D

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Abstract Previously we reported that cultured endothelial cells (ECs) can promote or inhibit polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) diapedesis and albumin permeability in vitro by altering monolayer intercellular integrity (an activity influenced by pretreatment with exogenous amines). Endothelial eicosanoid release was also seen to stimulate both PMN motility and diapedesis. We now demonstrate that these endothelial activities are related. Thromboxane (Tx) B2 pretreatment of ECs results in increased diapedesis and permeability across the monolayers whereas 6-keto-PGF1 alpha pretreatment has the opposite effects, demonstrating that these eicosanoids exert direct effects upon ECs, in addition to their direct effects upon PMNs as previously described. Norepinephrine (NE) or serotonin (5HT) pretreatment of ECs inhibits the release of TxB2 and 6-keto-PGF1 alpha, with the result that the stimulation of PMN motility by these EC metabolites is eliminated. In contrast, histamine increases the endothelial release of eicosanoids, resulting in a further increase in PMN motility. We conclude that histamine directly reduces EC monolayer integrity (by altering the endothelial cytoskeleton) and also increases eicosanoid release, actions which both enhance PMN motility and further reduce monolayer integrity. Conversely, NE and 5HT both increase intercellular integrity and decrease eicosanoid release, thereby decreasing PMN motility, diapedesis, and albumin permeability.
This article was published in Microvasc Res and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

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