Author(s): Ljung T, Hellstrm PM
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Abstract The involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in the biological response to vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) on the migrating myoelectric complex (MMC) of small bowel and systemic arterial blood pressure was investigated in the rat. Animals were supplied with bipolar electrodes for electromyography of the small intestine and blood pressure was assessed by a pressure transducer connected to a carotid artery. In the first session, Nomega-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) was administered intravenously at 1, 2, 4 and 20 mg kg(-1). Effects of L-NNA at 1 and 20 mg kg(-1) were also studied after L-arginine 300 mg kg(-1). In the second session, intravenous infusion of VIP 500 pmol kg(-1) min(-1) was administered before and after L-NNA at 1 and 20 mg kg(-1). L-NNA at increasing doses stimulated myoelectric spiking of the small bowel until at 4 mg kg(-1) the MMC was disrupted and irregular spiking induced. Neither at 1 nor 20 mg kg(-1) did L-NNA affect the inhibitory motility response or decrease of blood pressure induced by VIP at a dose of 500 pmol kg(-1) min(-1). Our results show that effects of VIP on motility of the small intestine and systemic arterial blood pressure are direct and not dependent on NO as a common final link.
This article was published in Acta Physiol Scand
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy