alexa Vasopressin-induced suppression of renal sympathetic outflow depends on the number of baroafferent inputs in rabbits.
Nephrology

Nephrology

Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics

Author(s): Nishida Y, Bishop VS

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Abstract We tested the hypothesis that the inhibitory action of arginine vasopressin (AVP) on renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) is related to the number of baroreceptor stations. The role of baroreceptor afferents was determined by comparing the effects of AVP on the baroreflex function curves [mean arterial pressure (MAP) vs. \%RSNA] obtained in intact conscious rabbits with those obtained in rabbits with one carotid sinus and one aortic nerve intact (1CSN + 1AoN) and in rabbits with only a single carotid sinus nerve intact (1CSN). Baroreflex curves were obtained by relating \%RSNA to MAP during ramp increases and decreases in MAP. MAP was increased with phenylephrine and decreased with caval occlusion. In the intact state (n = 7), AVP infusions (0.4, 1.5, and 3.0 mU.kg-1 x min-1) produced dose-dependent reduction in the maximum \%RSNA (97 +/- 1 to 85 +/- 6, 68 +/- 6, and 57 +/- 5\%, respectively) at minimum MAP and the gain of the baroreflex curve (5.7 +/- 0.2 to 3.9 +/- 0.2, 3.2 +/- 0.3, and 2.2 +/- 0.2 mmHg, respectively) and shifted the midrange of the curves (72 +/- 3 to 68 +/- 4, 68 +/- 2, and 63 +/- 3 mmHg, respectively). However, in the 1CSN + 1AoN state (n = 6), the medium dose of AVP (1.5 mU.kg-1 x min-1) did not significantly alter the maximum \%RSNA, the gain of the curve, or the midrange of the curve. The highest dose of AVP (3.0 mU.kg-1 x min-1) still reduced the maximum \%RSNA (98 +/- 3 to 75 +/- 3) and the gain of the curve (4.1 +/- 0.4 to 2.7 +/- 0.2).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Am J Physiol and referenced in Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics

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