Author(s): EspaaGamboa E, MijangosCortes J, BarahonaPerez L, DominguezMaldonado J, HernndezZarate G,
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Abstract The final products of the ethanol industry are alcoholic beverages, industrial ethanol and biofuels. They are produced by the same production process, which includes fermentation and distillation of raw materials which come from plant biomass. At the end of the distillation process a waste effluent is obtained called vinasse or stillage. The direct disposal of stillages on land or in groundwater (rivers, streams or lakes), or even for the direct irrigation of crops, pollutes the environment due to their high organic contents, dissolved solids and many other compounds which are toxic or could be contaminants under certain environmental conditions. This work reviews the characterization of vinasses from different feedstock sources and the main treatments for conditioning the soluble solids of vinasses before their disposal.
This article was published in Waste Manag Res
and referenced in Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography
- R. K. Pandey
Community oriented integrated ecosystem approach for conservation and sustainable management of forest genetic resources: Challenges in biodiversity conservation in natural tropical forests of India
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