Author(s): Souza TD, Turchetti AP, Fujiwara RT, Paixo TA, Santos RL
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Abstract Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an emerging zoonosis caused by Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum. Although the domestic dog is the main vertebrate host, many zoo and wild mammal species have been diagnosed with L. infantum infection, especially in endemic areas. There are many available diagnostic approaches, including serological, parasitological and molecular tests. Among wild animals, carnivores and primates are more often clinically affected, with some species, such as the bush dog (Speothos venaticus) being especially susceptible to development of clinical signs. There are also reports and research articles of VL in felids, rodents, and marsupials. This work aims to review the occurrence of VL in zoo and wildlife and raise awareness of its importance in the field of conservational veterinary medicine. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Vet Parasitol
and referenced in Journal of Biodiversity, Bioprospecting and Development