Author(s): Uribe JS, Deukmedjian AR
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Abstract PURPOSE: Minimally invasive lateral interbody fusion (MIS-LIF) has become a popular less invasive treatment option for degenerative spinal disease, deformity, and trauma. While MIS-LIF offers several advantages over traditional anterior and posterior approaches, the procedure is not without risk. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of visceral, vascular, and wound complications following MIS-LIF performed by experienced surgeons. METHODS: A survey was conducted by experienced (more than 100 case experience) MIS-LIF surgeons active in the society of lateral access surgery (SOLAS) to collect data on wound infections and visceral and vascular injuries. Of 77 spine surgeons surveyed, 40 (52 \%) responded, including 25 (63 \%) orthopedic surgeons and 15 (38 \%) neurosurgeons, with 20 \% practicing at an academic institution and 80 \% in community practice. RESULTS: Between 2003 and 2013, 13,004 patients were treated with MIS-LIF by the 40 surgeons who responded to the survey. Of those patients, 0.08 \% experienced a visceral complication (bowel injury), 0.10 \% experienced a vascular injury, 0.27 \% experienced a superficial wound infection, and 0.14 \% experienced a deep wound infection. CONCLUSION: The incidence of surgical site infections and vascular and visceral complications following MIS-LIF in this large series was low and compared favorably with rates for alternative interbody fusion approaches. Although technically demanding, MIS-LIF is a reproducible approach for interbody fusion with a low risk of vascular and visceral complications and infections.
This article was published in Eur Spine J
and referenced in Journal of Spine