Author(s): Adams AJ, Wong LS, Wong L, Gould B
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Abstract Snellen chart visual acuity is thought to change very little up to age 60 years. However, any changes in contrast in the retinal and/or neural image with age may only be detected in low contrast and low luminance testing conditions. Only under these conditions does contrast significantly influence visual acuity measurements. In this pilot experiment we show that low contrast visual acuity is considerably worse (two lines of Snellen acuity) for an older group (N = 8, mean age 57) than for a younger group (N = 9, mean age 24.6) in spite of the fact that each subject was referred to the study with 6/6 (20/20) or better acuity. At conventional contrast and luminance levels there is no significant difference between the two groups. The results also suggest that a simple measurement of contrast sensitivity for a small spot of light may allow a contrast correction factor to account for both age and luminance level differences in the contrast vs. acuity function.
This article was published in Am J Optom Physiol Opt
and referenced in Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology