Author(s): Westheimer G
Abstract Share this page
Abstract When the contrast polarity of a visual acuity chart is reversed by using bright letters on a dark background instead of dark on light, the shape and height of the resolution feature in the retinal image is identical but inverted compared with the normal situation. However, the contrast is different in the two cases because the background light level, which is a dividing factor when contrast is calculated, is much less when only the letters are bright. To the extent that contrast is a limiting factor in visual acuity, reversed-contrast acuity would be expected to be better, and proportionally more so in eyes where light scatter and aberrations widen and flatten the point-spread function. In a careful psychophysical study of Landolt C resolution, the minimum angle of resolution was found to be significantly smaller for white letters on a dark background than for the traditional dark on bright situation.
This article was published in Optom Vis Sci
and referenced in Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology