alexa Visualization of oxygen radical production in mouse liver in response to infection with Schistosoma mansoni.


Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology

Author(s): Abdallahi OM, Hanna S, De Reggi M, Gharib B

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND/AIMS: The tropical parasite S. mansoni induces granulomatous inflammation in the liver, following the lodging of eggs in this organ. In vitro studies suggested that the host's response might involve the production of oxygen radicals. METHODS: In an attempt to investigate the situation at the site of inflammation, under disease conditions, livers of infected mice were treated with dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate which fluoresces after oxidation. RESULTS: Fluorescence of the oxidized tracer revealed that oxygen radicals were produced by granulomatous inflammatory cells. The phenomenon reached its highest intensity close to the eggs. The membranes of the cells were strongly labelled, probably reflecting membrane-associated NADPH oxidase activity. The cytoplasm of hepatocytes was also fluorescent but with lower intensity; hepatocyte membranes or nuclei were not labelled. Fluorescence was reduced drastically by treatment with catalase and antioxidants, indicating the occurrence of H2O2. Treatment with superoxide dismutase had no effect. Neither the livers of uninfected animals nor those of infected animals before parasite egg deposition were labelled. Eosinophil peroxidase activity was released in the areas of inflammatory cells, but was not found in hepatocytes. CONCLUSIONS: The H2O2/peroxidase system, which is the cornerstone of the antimicrobial defense associated with inflammation, is activated in close contact with parasite eggs. The process does contribute to egg killing in vivo. Moreover, hepatocytes undergo oxidative stress in the entire organ. This finding is in agreement with the parasite-induced decrease of liver antioxidant defenses demonstrated previously.
This article was published in Liver and referenced in Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version