alexa Visualizing activation of opioid circuits by internalization of G protein-coupled receptors.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Author(s): Sinchak K, Micevych P

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Mu-opioid receptor (MOR) and opioid receptor-like receptor (ORL-1) circuits in the limbic hypothalamic system are important for the regulation of sexual receptivity in the female rat. Sexual receptivity is tightly regulated by the sequential release of estrogen and progesterone from the ovary suggesting ovarian steroids regulate the activity of these neuropeptide systems. Both MOR and ORL-1 distributions overlap with the distribution of estrogen and progesterone receptors in the hypothalamus and limbic system providing a morphological substrate for interaction between steroids and the opioid circuits in the brain. Both MOR and ORL-1 are receptors that respond to activation by endogenous ligands with internalization into early endosomes. This internalization is part of the mechanism of receptor desensitization or down regulation. Although receptor activation and internalization are separate events, internalization can be used as a temporal measure of circuit activation by endogenous ligands. This review focuses on the estrogen and progesterone regulation of MOR and ORL-1 circuits in the medial preoptic nucleus and ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus that are central to modulating sexual receptivity. This article was published in Mol Neurobiol and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version