alexa Vitamin D and its role in allergic disease.


Journal of Allergy & Therapy

Author(s): Reinholz M, Ruzicka T, Schauber J

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In Western countries, the incidence of atopy and allergic diseases is high and further rising. While genetic factors certainly play a role, epigenetic or even nutritional factors might also be important in the pathogenesis of allergies. Vitamin D - the 'sunshine hormone' - exerts profound effects on both adaptive and innate immune functions involved in the development and course of allergic diseases. As also the incidence of vitamin D insufficiency is surprisingly high in the general population, clinical and experimental studies have started to investigate if correcting vitamin D levels [measured as serum 25 hydroxy vitamin D -25(OH)D] is beneficial or even protective in patients with allergies or children at risk. This review highlights current data on the effects of vitamin D on the allergy-mediating immune system and the vitamin D status in atopic patients. Furthermore, the benefits and risks of vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy, childhood and in adults with respect to the development and course of allergic disease are discussed.

This article was published in Clin Exp Allergy and referenced in Journal of Allergy & Therapy

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