alexa Vitamin D3-inducible mesenchymal stem cell-based delivery of conditionally replicating adenoviruses effectively targets renal cell carcinoma and inhibits tumor growth.
Pathology

Pathology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): Hsiao WC, Sung SY, Liao CH, Wu HC, Hsieh CL

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Cell-based carriers were recently exploited as a tumor-targeting tool to improve systemic delivery of oncolytic viruses for cancer therapy. However, the slow clearance of carrier cells from normal organs indicates the need for a controllable system which allows viral delivery only when the carrier cells reach the tumor site. In this study, we sought to develop a pharmaceutically inducible cell-based oncolytic adenovirus delivery strategy for effective targeting and treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), which is one of the most malignant tumor types with an unfavorable prognosis. Herein, we demonstrated the intrinsic tumor homing property of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) to specifically localize primary and metastatic RCC tumors after systemic administration in a clinically relevant orthotopic animal model. The platelet derived growth factor AA (PDGF-AA) secreted from RCC was identified as a chemoattractant responsible for the recruitment of hMSCs. Like endogenous osteocalcin whose barely detectable level of expression was dramatically induced by vitamin D(3), the silenced replication of human osteocalcin promoter-directed Ad-hOC-E1 oncolytic adenoviruses loaded in hMSCs was rapidly activated, and the released oncolytic adenoviruses sequentially killed cocultured RCC cells upon vitamin D(3) exposure. Moreover, the systemic treatment of RCC tumor-bearing mice with hMSC cell carriers loaded with Ad-hOC-E1 had very limited effects on tumor growth, but the loaded hMSCs combined with vitamin D(3) treatment induced effective viral delivery to RCC tumors and significant tumor regression. Therapeutic effects of hMSC-based Ad-hOC-E1 delivery were confirmed to be significantly greater than those of injection of carrier-free Ad-hOC-E1. Our results presented the first preclinical demonstration of a novel controllable cell-based gene delivery strategy that combines the advantages of tumor tropism and vitamin D(3)-regulatable human osteocalcin promoter-directed gene expression of hMSCs to improve oncolytic virotherapy for advanced RCC. This article was published in Mol Pharm and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords