alexa Vitamin E as an antioxidant of the lung: mechanisms of vitamin E delivery to alveolar type II cells.


Vitamins & Minerals

Author(s): Kolleck I, Sinha P, Rstow B

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Oxidants play an important role in the development of acute and chronic lung injuries. Alveolar surfactant is the first target of air-borne oxidants. Surfactant contains, besides dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol and polyunsaturated phospholipids that play an important functional role. Therefore, vitamin E could be important for protecting surfactant lipids against oxidation and subsequent lung injury. Alveolar type II cells play a central role in synthesis and secretion of surfactant lipids and also supplement the surfactant with vitamin E during intracellular assembly. High density lipoprotein (HDL) is the primary source of vitamin E for type II cells. The uptake of vitamin E by specific lipid transfer is mediated by at least three HDL-specific receptors (scavenger receptor BI, membrane dipeptidase, and HDL-binding protein-2). In addition, cubilin and megalin mediate in a cooperative manner HDL-holoparticle uptake by alveolar type II cells. A temporary vitamin E deficiency induces a reversible change of the expression of pro- and antiinflammatory markers and of markers defining apoptosis, and reduces surfactant lipid synthesis in alveolar type II cells. These metabolic changes of type II cells may prime the lung to develop clinically manifest injury in response to an additional insult, e.g., hyperoxia. This article was published in Am J Respir Crit Care Med and referenced in Vitamins & Minerals

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version