alexa Vitamin E protection against chemical-induced cell injury. I. Maintenance of cellular protein thiols as a cytoprotective mechanism.
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

Author(s): Pascoe GA, Olafsdottir K, Reed DJ

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Abstract Vitamin E protection against chemical-induced toxicity to isolated hepatocytes was examined during an imbalance in the thiol redox system. Intracellular reduced glutathione (GSH) was depleted by two chemicals of distinct mechanisms of action: adriamycin, a cancer chemotherapeutic agent that undergoes redox cycling, producing reactive oxygen species that consume GSH, and ethacrynic acid, a direct depleter of GSH. The experimental system used both nonstressed vitamin E-adequate isolated rat hepatocytes and compromised hepatocytes subjected to physiologically induced stress, generated by incubation in calcium-free medium. At doses whereby intracellular GSH was near total depletion, cell injury induced by either chemical was found to follow the depletion of cellular alpha-tocopherol, regardless of the status of the GSH redox system. Changes in protein thiol contents of the cells closely paralleled the changes in alpha-tocopherol contents throughout the incubation period. Supplementation of the calcium-depleted hepatocytes with alpha-tocopheryl succinate (25 microM) markedly elevated their alpha-tocopherol content and prevented the toxicities of both drugs. The prevention of cell injury and the elevation in alpha-tocopherol contents were both associated with a prevention of the loss in cellular protein thiols in the near total absence of intracellular GSH. The mechanism of protection by vitamin E against chemical-induced toxicity to hepatocytes may therefore be an alpha-tocopherol-dependent maintenance of cellular protein thiols.
This article was published in Arch Biochem Biophys and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

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