alexa Vulnerability of islets in the immediate posttransplantation period. Dynamic changes in structure and function.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome

Author(s): Davalli AM, Scaglia L, Zangen DH, Hollister J, BonnerWeir S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract To learn more about islet vulnerability in the immediate posttransplant period, 400 syngeneic islets were transplanted under the kidney capsule of B6AF1 mice. Three groups of recipients were used: normal mice (normal), streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic (diabetic), and STZ-diabetic kept hypo- or normoglycemic with insulin pellets (diabetic-normalized). Normoglycemia was achieved in all three groups 14 days after transplantation; however, in the diabetic and diabetic-normalized groups, blood glucose levels throughout the posttransplantation period were respectively higher and lower than in the normal group. Grafts were harvested 1, 3, 7, and 14 days after transplantation and analyzed for morphology, beta-cell death, beta-cell mass, insulin content, and insulin mRNA expression. In all groups, substantial damage in islet grafts was found on days 1 and 3 with apoptotic nuclei and necrotic cores; on day 3, beta-cell death was significantly higher in the diabetic group than in the other groups. Tissue remodelling occurred in all groups with stable graft appearance on day 14; the actual beta-cell mass of the grafts was lowest in the diabetic group. Graft insulin content decreased in all groups on day 1 and fell even further on days 3 and 7. Insulin mRNA levels of grafts retrieved from both the diabetic and diabetic-normalized group were lower than those from the normal group already by day 1 and remained lower on day 14. In conclusion, the first few days of islet transplantation, even under the most advantageous circumstances of excellent metabolic control, are characterized by dynamic changes, with substantial islet cell dysfunction and death followed by tissue remodelling and then stable engraftment.
This article was published in Diabetes and referenced in Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version