Author(s): Svraka E, Loga S, Svraka E, Loga S
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Abstract Cerebral palsy is a pathological state characterized primarily with the damage of the motor functioning which can be accompanied by the other disorders such as: problems with sight and hearing, intellectual deficit, emotional problems, conduct disorders, speech disorders, epileptic seizures etc. According to the period of influence, causes of the cerebral palsy can be divided to prenatal, perinatal and postnatal. Prenatal period is defined as the period from the conception until beginning of the delivery, neonatal period as a period from the beginning of the delivery until age of 28 days, and postnatal period from 29th day of age until two years of age. THE AIM OF THIS STUDY: to determine characteristics of psycho trauma as possible prenatal etiological factor of cerebral palsy. Sample was consisted of 80 respondents, children and adolescents with cerebral palsy of Canton Sarajevo, age from 6 up to 20 years; mean age was 13,94 years years, 47 male (58,75 \%) and 33 (41,25 \%) female. Study of the influence of prenatal etiological factors on learning difficulties of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy in Canton Sarajevo is cohort, epidemiologically based and retrospectively prospective. In this study a Structural interview for the parents of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy was used. RESULTS: with prenatal etiological factors there are 35 (43,75 \%) respondents, with perinatal 37 (46,25 \%), postnatal 5 (6,25 \%) and unknown factors 3 (3,75 \%). From 11 mothers with diseases during pregnancies, who delivered in war years, 4 (36,36 \%) recognized and underlined psycho trauma as major problem factor during pregnancy. CONCLUSION: War psycho trauma of pregnant women is present as possible prenatal etiological factor of cerebral palsy.
This article was published in Med Arh
and referenced in Journal of Psychological Abnormalities