Author(s): Meyer T, Nelstrop AE, Mahmoudi M, Rustin GJ
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Response rates to chemotherapy in relapsed, platinum resistant epithelial ovarian cancer remain poor. We have explored the effectiveness of weekly cisplatin combined with prolonged oral etoposide in this patient group. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-two women with relapsed, advanced ovarian cancer were treated with cisplatin 60 mg/m2 on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36 and 43 and oral etoposide 50 mg given from day 1-14 and day 29-43. In those who were responding and tolerating treatment (n = 13) oral etoposide 50 mg was continued for two further cycles (days 1-21 repeated every 28 days). The interval since last platinum containing chemotherapy was > 6 months in 28 patients and < 6 months in 16 patients. RESULTS: Thirty-six patients were evaluable for response according to CA 125 criteria giving an overall response rate of 44\%. The response rate in evaluable patients declined with increasing numbers of previous treatments: 57\% with one prior treatment, 42\% with two, 40\% with three or more. The response rate in patients who had received platinum chemotherapy within six months prior to treatment was 46\%. The only significant non-haematological toxicity was nausea and vomiting in 4 patients who experienced greater than grade 2 toxicity. The number of patients experiencing haematological toxicity more than grade 2 was as follows: haemoglobin 3, white blood count 12, platelets 6. Sixteen patients had dose delays and two had dose reductions. CONCLUSION: We conclude that this short but intensive regimen provides worthwhile response rates, even in those patients who would ordinarily be considered refractory to platinum, and has an acceptable toxicity profile.
This article was published in Ann Oncol
and referenced in Chemotherapy: Open Access