Author(s): Forrester JE, Spiegelman D, Woods M, Knox TA, Fauntleroy JM,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract OBJECTIVE: At issue is whether weight loss in HIV infection is a cachectic process, characterised by loss of lean body mass with conservation of fat, or a process of starvation. We present data on body composition from 516 persons at different stages of HIV infection as determined by CD4 counts. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses of body composition in relation to CD4 count. SETTING: The baseline data from a prospective cohort study of outcomes in HIV/AIDS in relation to nutritional status in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. SUBJECTS: : The first 516 subjects with HIV/AIDS to enroll in the study. RESULTS: Differences in weight in relation to CD4 counts were present only at CD4 counts of 600 or less (slope below : 1.9 kg per 100 CD4 cells, On average, 68\% of the difference in weight over CD4 counts was fat (slope: 1.3 kg fat per 100 CD4 cells, CONCLUSIONS: This cross-sectional analysis suggests that weight loss consists principally of fat loss in those persons with adequate fat stores. This observation will need to be confirmed in longitudinal analyses.
This article was published in Public Health Nutr
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics