Author(s): Nacher M, Vantilcke V, Parriault MC, Van Melle A, Hanf M, , Nacher M, Vantilcke V, Parriault MC, Van Melle A, Hanf M,
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Abstract Thirty years after the first HIV case in French Guiana, the drivers of the epidemic are not clearly known, but the epidemic is usually conceptualized as generalized. Cross-linking results from a study in the general population and a study in the HIV-infected population in Cayenne suggests that in the general population of HIV-positive men, 45\% of HIV cases are attributable to having sex with someone they paid. Similarly, for HIV-positive women exchanging sex for presents or money, 10.7\% of HIV cases are attributable to transactional sex. A surprising finding was that 16.8\% of HIV patients had tried crack cocaine before. On the Maroni river, the female-biased sex ratio suggests the drivers in that remote area may be related to cultural polygyny. These observations have important consequences on communication and prevention strategies.
This article was published in Int J STD AIDS
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research