alexa Wheezes.
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Journal of Bioengineering & Biomedical Science

Author(s): Meslier N, Charbonneau G, Racineux JL, Meslier N, Charbonneau G, Racineux JL

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Wheezes are continuous adventitious lung sounds. The American Thoracic Society Committee on pulmonary nomenclature define wheezes as high-pitched continuous sounds with a dominant frequency of 400 Hz or more. Rhonchi are characterized as low-pitched continuous sounds with a dominant frequency of about 200 Hz or less. The large variability in the predominant frequency of wheezes is one of the difficulties encountered with automated analysis and quantification of wheezes. The large variations observed in automated wheeze characterization emphasize the need for standardization of breath sound analysis. This standardization would help determine diagnostic criteria for wheeze identification. The mechanism of wheeze production was first compared to a toy trumpet whose sound is produced by a vibrating reed. The pitch of the wheeze is dependent on the mass and elasticity of the airway walls and on the flow velocity. More recently, a model of wheeze production based on the mathematical analysis of the stability of airflow through a collapsible tube has been proposed. According to this model, wheezes are produced by the fluttering of the airways walls and fluid together, induced by a critical airflow velocity. Many circumstances are suitable for the production of continuous adventitious lung sounds. Thus, wheezes can be heard in several diseases, not only asthma. Wheezes are usual clinical signs in patients with obstructive airway diseases and particularly during acute episodes of asthma. A relationship between the degree of bronchial obstruction and the presence and characteristics of wheezes has been demonstrated in several studies. The best result is observed when the degree of bronchial obstruction is compared to the proportion of the respiratory cycle occupied by wheeze (tw/ttot). However, the relationship is too scattered to predict forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) from wheeze duration. There is no relationship between the intensity or the pitch of wheezes and the pulmonary function. The presence or quantification of wheezes have also been evaluated for the assessment of bronchial hyperresponsiveness. Wheeze detection cannot fully replace spirometry during bronchial provocation testing but may add some interesting information. Continuous monitoring of wheezes might be a useful tool for evaluation of nocturnal asthma and its treatment.
This article was published in Eur Respir J and referenced in Journal of Bioengineering & Biomedical Science

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Jalil Mehrzd
    Bioluminescence-based detection of brain immune cells apoptosis and ATP depletion induced by aflatoxin B1
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Antonio Cilla
    Antiproliferative effect of main dietary phytosterols and/or β-cryptoxanthin in human colon cancer Caco-2 cells through cytosolic Ca2+ - and oxidative stress-induced apoptosis
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Paul J. Davis
    Nanotetrac targets the thyroid hormone receptor on integrin αvβ3 on tumor cells to promote apoptosis, disorder cell defense pathways and block angiogenesis
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version