alexa White blood cell count in generalized aggressive periodontitis after non-surgical therapy.


Reconstructive Surgery & Anaplastology

Author(s): Christan C, Dietrich T, Hgewald S, Kage A, Bernimoulin JP

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Periodontal bacteria are known to invade the systemic circulation. Chronic low-level bacteremia and a systemic inflammatory response have been suggested as a pathogenetic link between periodontal disease and atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to examine the systemic effect of a non-surgical therapy on white blood cell count (WBC count) and differential blood count in smoking and non-smoking generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP) patients. METHODS: 27 adult periodontitis patients (13 smokers and 14 non-smokers) with previously untreated GAP were subjected to 3 sessions of oral hygiene procedure. Afterwards, the patients were treated by scaling and root planing under local anaesthesia. Periodontal examinations were performed after supragingival pretreatment and three months after subgingival therapy. Pocket probing depth (PPD) and relative attachment level (RAL) were measured with Florida probe and disc probe. Accompanying clinical evaluation venous blood samples were taken to analyse the WBC counts and differential blood counts. For statistical analysis non-parametric tests were utilized. RESULTS: No clinical or demographic differences were found between smokers (n=13) and non-smokers (n=14). PPD, bleeding on probing (BoP) and suppuration improved significantly after therapy both in smokers and non-smokers. Following periodontal treatment WBC counts, neutrophil and platelet counts decreased significantly in non-smokers (p< or =0.004), while in smokers only platelet counts were significantly reduced (p=0.006). Non-smokers showed a significantly higher reduction of WBC counts (p=0.005) and neutrophils (p=0.001) compared to smokers. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that a therapeutical intervention may have a systemic effect on the blood count in GAP patients. This effect seems to differ between smokers and non-smokers.
This article was published in J Clin Periodontol and referenced in Reconstructive Surgery & Anaplastology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version