Author(s): Beaufrere B, Putet G, Pachiaudi C, Salle B
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Abstract Our study was undertaken in preterm infants to examine the relationship of whole body protein kinetics with protein intake and energy expenditure. Leucine kinetics were determined in seven low birth wt preterm infants fed human milk or human milk enriched with protein (2.5 to 4.3 g protein/kg.d). The infants received a short (4-h) constant infusion of L-[1-13C]leucine and leucine turnover and oxidation were calculated from 13C-plasma leucine and expired 13CO2 enrichments measured by mass spectrometry. Energy expenditure was measured by indirect calorimetry. Nonoxidative leucine disposal (an estimate of protein synthesis) and leucine derived from protein (an estimate of protein breakdown) were, respectively, 2.98 +/- 0.82 and 2.06 +/- 0.74 mumol/kg.min. Whole body protein turnover and deposition, derived from leucine kinetics, were 8.22 +/- 2.31 and 2.17 +/- 0.50 g/kg.d, whereas energy expenditure was 56.3 kcal/kg.day. Protein turnover was correlated with protein intake but not with protein deposition. Energy expenditure was correlated with protein turnover, synthesis, and breakdown but not with protein deposition. These data are in agreement with the fact that protein deposition depends upon protein intake, but they also suggest that an elevated protein deposition is not necessarily the result of a rapid protein turnover or associated with an elevated energy expenditure.
This article was published in Pediatr Res
and referenced in Pediatrics & Therapeutics